is the therapeutic alliance?
The therapeutic alliance construct
refers to the collaborative aspect of the relationship between therapist
and client(s) in the context of psychotherapy. The conceptualization
of the alliance that has been most prominent in individual psychotherapy,
proposed by E.S. Bordin in 1979, includes three components: (1) an agreement
between therapist and client about the goals of treatment, (2) an agreement
about the therapy tasks needed to accomplish those goals, and (3) the
emotional bond developed between therapist and client that allows the
client to make therapeutic progress. The therapeutic alliance is undoubtedly
a highly relevant construct in psychotherapy: In process-outcome research
in individual psychotherapy, the most important finding that has emerged
from a considerable number of studies is that the alliance assessed
early in treatment predicts ultimate therapeutic success across a variety
of clinical issues and treatment modalities.